Teaching Four Types of Sentences

Types of Sentences

On average, a person speaks over 16,000 words a day…some more than others. When we speak or even when we write, we are using different types of sentences to express our thoughts or ideas. Pretty cool to think about, right?! I would love to help you with teaching four types of sentences!

Sometimes, we like to tell a friend about a new book. Other times, we like to ask a lot of questions. Some days, we feel the need to be extra bossy and tell others what to do. Then there are times when we are super excited about an upcoming trip or event.

Through the many ways we express ourselves, we use sentences to help others understand what we are trying to say. Those sentences are broken down into four types of sentences.

  • Declarative/Statements
  • Interrogative/Questions
  • Imperative/Commands
  • Exclamatory/Strong Emotions

You’re probably wondering what the point is to all of this information. My point is…. mastering the different types of sentences is an important piece in helping your students build a foundation of writing which in turn helps them learn how to express themselves in various ways. 

I am going to share how I teach the four types of sentences in my classroom. Throughout this post, I will walk you through the same steps that I use, so you can implement them into your classroom curriculum.

Step 1: Teaching the four “Types of Sentences.”

Types of Sentences
  1. You can do this with a premade anchor chart or one that you make with your students. I have included an anchor chart in the freebie below for you to use with your class.
  2. When I introduce types of sentences, I explain the sentence type, give the definition, and talk about the punctuation. We call the punctuation the the stop mark. 
  3. I also give clue prompts to help students deeply understand how to identify the different sentence types.

Step 2: Work through examples using clues to build the foundation for mastering types of sentences.

  1. First, I will write a declarative sentence on the board. Note: You can project on your smartboard using a document camera if you have one. 
    • Declarative sentence: Your hands are dirty.
  2. Then I will walk students through three clues to help them determine the type of sentence. Clues and student printables are included in the freebie below.

Most of your students will have a general understanding of this sentence type, but I want them to understand why it is a declarative sentence. When they can dig deeper into why a sentence is a certain type, they will have a higher mastery rate.

Step 3: Work through other sentence types using clues.

Types of Sentences
  1. Write the other 3 sentence types on the board.
    1. Wow, your hands are dirty! (exclamatory)
    2. Please wash your dirty hands. (imperative)
    3. When are you going to wash your dirty hands? (interrogative)
  2. I recommend doing this whole group or having your students work with partners to work through the clues.
  3. Go over students’ answers and discuss how each sentence type was discovered using the clues.
  4. After whole group discussion, students are then going to create 4 new sentences using a new phrase.

The reason I use the same phrase “dirty hands” for all sentence types is to show students that a sentence can be expressed in four different ways. 

Step 4: Students will create four types of sentences based on a new phrase.

  1. Write/project the phrase, “shoes untied”, on the board then walk students through creating a declarative sentence. First, have them recall what a declarative sentence looks like and sounds like.
    1. Example declarative sentence: Your shoes are untied.
    2. After students come up with a suitable declarative sentence, have them create the other sentence types with the same phrase. Encourage them to use examples that were completed earlier. They can also use their clues to help them write the new sentences. 
Types of Sentences

Once the students have finished writing new sentences, go over their answers whole group to correct any misunderstandings. You might also like this blog post for teaching grammar!

At this point, you can either move into the Grammar Gabs for Types of Sentences, or you can have the students complete the exit slip to see how well they are mastering the skill.

Last but not least, If you found this helpful, grab the freebie below for teaching the four types of sentences. The freebie includes an anchor chart, teacher notes, student notes with guided practice, and an exit slip to help you get started with helping your students master the Four Types of Sentences. 

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